Think Outside The Box (approach)

OVERVIEW:
What is it?
Think Outside The Box (approach) is about a thinking process, which comprehends the implementation of an unusual approach to the logical and ordinary thinking structure. It's a procedure which aims to escape from relational reasoning and thinking.
Why is it useful in VET?
Because the formal educational system is pushing the students to think in a more rational way (e.g. 1 problem = 1 solution) but the reality in the world is completely different and a lot more difficult.
What are the multidisciplinary details?
Psychology, Creative thinking, Sociology, Behavioural Sciences
Links
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thinking_outside_the_box
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bEusrD8g-dM
https://www.aplusclick.org/ThinkOutsideTheBox.htm

Lateral Thinking and the Six Thinking Hats (methodology + tool)

OVERVIEW:
What is it?
Lateral thinking was coined in 1967 by Edward de Bono, a Maltese physician, psychologist, author, inventor and consultant psychologist. It is concerned with solving problems through an indirect and creative approach, using reasoning that is not immediately obvious and involving ideas that may not be obtainable by using only traditional step-by- step logic35. Edward de Bono invented a technique useful to train and develop the lateral thinking: “The Six Thinking Hats”. It is a tool for group discussion and individual thinking involving six coloured hats. The approach is based on the assumption that when people think about complex issues, they are overcrowded with emotions, logic, data, hopefulness, and creativity.
Why is it useful in VET?
The Six Thinking Hats is a well-known method used in pedagogy to understand the student’s behaviour.
It is an engaging and funny way to introduce the creative thinking.
What are the multidisciplinary details?
Psychology, Lateral thinking, Educational Sciences
Links
https://www.edwdebono.com/lateral-thinking http://www.debonothinkingsystems.com/tools/lateral.htm

Collaborative Problem Solving (methodology)

OVERVIEW:
What is it?
The capacity of an individual to effectively engage in a process whereby two or more agents attempt to solve a problem by sharing the understanding and effort required to come to a solution and pooling their knowledge, skills and efforts to reach that solution38. (OECD, 2015) Why is it useful in VET?

  • Collaborative problem-solving is listed by OECD as one of the critical and necessary skill across educational settings and in the workforce
  • Since collaborative problem solving is rarely taught in schools there is space for it in VET because if it could reinforce knowledge and improve attainment.

What are the multidisciplinary details?
Psychology, Pedagogy, Sociology
Links
www.oecd.org/pisa/pisaproducts/Draft%20PISA%202015%20Collaborative%20Problem%20Solving%20Fra mework%20.pdf
http://www.nesta.org.uk/publications/solved-making-case-collaborative-problem-solving
https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/pdf/researchcenter/collaborative_problem_solving.pdf

Mind Mapping (tool)

OVERVIEW:
What is it?
A mind map is a creative and visual tool used to outline information during a note-making process. It is starting from a central subject and then, like a tree, there are branches connected by lines.
Why is it useful in VET?
It is a perfect way to take notes and unleash creativity. The combination of words and images is six times better for remembering information than words alone.
Links
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mind_map
http://www.mindmappingstrategies.com/mind-mapping.aspx
http://learningfundamentals.com.au/resources/

Brainstorming (tool)

OVERVIEW:
What is it?
Brainstorming is a tool to generate, in a group, creative conclusions for a specific problem by gathering a list of ideas coming out spontaneously during a group session by its participants.
Why is it useful in VET?
It is useful to learn how to work in group and change attitudes and behaviour.
It is a well-known and diffused tool in business.
What are the multidisciplinary details?
Marketing, management, psychology, behavioural sciences.
Links
https://www.mindtools.com/brainstm.html https://www.wrike.com/blog/techniques-effective-brainstorming/
http://tutorials.istudy.psu.edu/brainstorming/

Constraints (tool)

OVERVIEW:
What is?
Introducing an artificial constraint in a situation could narrow the options in order force your brain to think around this new environment and so you get somewhere different.
It is a tool but also an exercise to train your brain to become a better creative problem solver.
Why is it useful in VET?
It is a way to train the students to be able to solve complex problems – a skill required by the job market and usually not explored during the formal education
What are the multidisciplinary details?
Psychology, behavioural sciences, marketing Links
http://www.thinking-tools.co.uk/

Quote: Intellectual Output 3 / Peppino Franco / S. 29 ff

  • en/teaching_and_learning/creative_methods.txt
  • Last modified: 2018/02/08 11:41
  • by peppino